Grammatical Gender

Grammatical Gender

SlovenianSlovenian A1

Welcome to our Slovenian Grammar Course for beginners! Today, we are going to talk about the grammatical gender in Slovenian.

Like many other Slavic languages, Slovenian has a system of grammatical gender, categorizing nouns into three distinct genders: neuter, masculine, and feminine. Each grammatical gender follows its own set of rules and patterns for noun declension, adjective agreement, and verb conjugation. Let's embark on a comprehensive exploration of these three genders.


Nouns of the masculine gender typically refer to male beings, animals, and objects, often distinguished by specific endings and patterns. These masculine nouns can fall under the category of animate (referring to living beings) or inanimate (pertaining to objects). Most masculine nouns don't have an ending.
For example:
Animate: oče (father), brat (brother), pes (dog)
Inanimate: stol (chair), avto (car), most (bridge)

When the subject is a masculine noun in singular form, the corresponding verb must be conjugated accordingly.
For instance:
Oče hodi v službo. (The father goes to work.)

Similarly, when the subject is plural, the verb should reflect agreement in both gender and number.
For example:
Bratje radi igrajo nogomet. (The brothers enjoy playing soccer.)


Nouns of the feminine gender typically denote female beings, animals, and objects, distinguished by their unique endings and patterns. These feminine nouns encompass animate and inanimate entities. Most feminine grammatical nouns end in "-a."
For example:
Animate: mama (mother), sestra (sister), mačka (cat)
Inanimate: hiša (house), knjiga (book), reka (river)

When the subject is a feminine noun in the singular form, the verb must align with the gender and number of the subject.
For instance:
Sestra rada poje. (The sister enjoys singing.)

For plural feminine nouns, the verb should similarly harmonize in gender and number.
For example:
Sestre se veselijo praznovanja. (The sisters are looking forward to the celebration.)


Neuter nouns encompass objects, concepts, and certain natural phenomena. They often possess unique endings and patterns distinguishing them from masculine and feminine nouns. Neuter nouns inherently denote inanimate entities. Most neuter nouns end in "-o" or "-e."
For instance:
Sonce (sun), mesto (city), jajce (egg)

When the subject is a neuter noun in the singular form, the verb must match the gender and number of the subject.
For example:
Mesto je veliko. (The city is large.)

When the subject is plural, the verb should once again correspond in both gender and number.
For instance:
Mesta so polna življenja. (The cities are full of life.)


It's important to recognize that grammatical gender doesn't necessarily correlate with the biological gender of the entity represented. For instance, oče (father) is masculine and mama (mother) is feminine; however, the grammatical gender does not determine the actual gender of the parent.

Any grammatical gender exerts influence over various aspects of Slovenian grammar, including adjective agreement and pronoun usage. Adjectives, pronouns, and verb conjugations shift based on the gender of the associated noun.

Essentially, achieving agreement between nouns, verbs, and the gender and number of the subject noun is crucial in Slovenian grammar. Mastering this aspect will allow you to create grammatically correct sentences and communicate with native speakers.
We are waiting for you in the next lesson, where we will talk about pronouns in Slovenian. Good luck!