Subject and Object Pronouns in Italian

Subject and Object Pronouns in Italian

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This is Italian grammar for beginners! And today topic is Pronouns.

Pronouns (pronome in Italian) are the words that describe objects, people, quantity or belonging without specifying them and take the place of a noun. They may accompany another sentence more complex or may exist independently in the form of a simple sentence.

There are many pronouns in Italian. Learning pronouns often gives students trouble. However, in a conversation, you can’t avoid using pronouns. For this reason we will learn the pronouns at the beginning of this Italian for beginners course. Below is a complete description of Italian pronouns: subjects and objects.

Subject Pronouns

Subject pronouns are used as a sentence subjects to specify who/what is performing the action. It generally isn’t necessary in Italian, because the subject is clear from the verb conjugation, though it is still very commonly used for emphasis or to make things clear.
Italian English
Io I
Tu You (singular informal)
Lui / Lei He / She or You (singular formal)
Noi We
Voi You all
Loro They

Examples:
Io studio italiano (I study Italian);
Lei è una cantante (She is a singer);
Voi lavorate qui (You all work here).

Object Pronouns

Object pronouns replace the nouns that act as recipients of the verb action. The pronouns can be direct object pronouns or indirect object pronouns.

Direct Object Pronouns

Italian English
Mi Me
Ti You (singular informal)
Lo / La Him / Her or You (singular formal) / It (masculine / feminine)
Ci Us
Vi You all
Li / Le Them (masculine / feminine)

Examples:
Ho visto Luca. Lo conosco bene (I saw Luca. I know him well);
Prendo una pizza. La mangio subito (I'm getting a pizza. I'll eat it right away).

Indirect Object Pronouns

Italian English
Mi To me
Ti To you (singular informal)
Gli / Le To him / To her or To you (singular formal)
Ci To us
Vi To you all
Gli To them

Examples:
Ho regalato dei fiori a Maria. Gli piaceranno (I gave flowers to Maria. She will like them);
Ti ho scritto una lettera (I wrote you a letter).

Summary

Ok, let’s sum up.
You have learned the pronouns used in Italian in this lecture. In addition, you should memorize the new words used in the examples.
Cantante (singer)
Qui (here)
Bene (well)
Subito (immediately)
Fiori (flowers)
Lettera (letter)
Now try to memorize all Italian pronouns and new words. We will wait for you in the next lecture, where we will discuss the very useful Italian verb "essere" (to be).
Good luck!